Types of Hearing Loss

There are three different types of hearing loss.

Woman's Ear

Conductive hearing loss.

Conductive hearing loss results from diseases or disorders that limit the transmission of sound through the outer or middle ear. This hearing loss can usually be treated medically or surgically. In some cases, a hearing aid can also provide hearing improvement.

Sensorineural hearing loss.

Sensorineural hearing loss affects the inner ear or neural pathways. In this case, sound is transmitted through the outer and middle ears, but the inner ear is less efficient in transmitting the sound. This usually occurs due to damages to the hair cells or to the fine nerve endings inside the cochlea. This leads to reduced perception of sound intensity and quality. This type of hearing loss is usually compensated with a hearing aids that amplify sound to overcome the decrease in hearing sensitivity.

Mixed hearing loss.

Some people have a mix of conductive and sensorineural hearing loss. Treatment options include both medical intervention and hearing aids.